Standards will be critical for the emergence of the Internet of Things

Machina-Research-logo

Machina Research has published a new report entitled, “Standards for the Internet of Things”. The report examines existing and emerging standards for communications, connectivity, networking, service layers, data abstraction and discoverability. The key findings are as follows:

  • While there is today a mess of proprietary and open standards in the IoT, Machina Research expects that open standards will generally dominate.
  • Growth in the IoT is currently delayed by the existence of multiple competing technologies and platforms. For ‘Subnets of Things’ to give way to the Internet of Things requires the emergence of a small number of leading solutions across connectivity and service layers.
  • The diversity of requirements within the IoT means that there will be no single ‘winner’ in terms of wireless standards. Different technologies will be needed in different circumstances.
  • OneM2M should become the de facto reference framework for interfacing between multiple communications networks, assuming the bureaucracy implicit in standards developments organisations (SDOs) doesn’t delay it.
  • The standards discussion will continue to evolve in the direction of abstraction, semantics, and discoverability. This is particularly evident in the work done by OMA with the LightweightM2M protocol, the Eclipse Foundation, HyperCat and AllJoyn.
  • Standardisation will take time. We expect that the foreseeable future will be dominated by ‘Subnets of Things’ that coalesce around common ownership of data or common cause of data owners.

Commenting on the findings, report author William Webb said, “Currently, what has been termed the Internet of Things is a jumble of open and proprietary standards, with a lot of vertical and horizontal silos. Realistically, to move from this ‘Internet of Silos’ to the Internet of Things is going to require standardisation. The emergence of a small number of leading solutions in the various spaces of local connectivity, wide area connectivity and service or application layer would simplify application development and allow industry to coalesce around a few global standards.”

Matt Hatton, director at Machina Research commented: “Unpicking the complexity of the standards environment is an important thing for our clients and we’re delighted to have pulled together such an extensive study looking at all the key developments.” Turning to the findings he said: “Clearly the development of standards is going to be critical for the Internet of Things to reach its huge potential. Today the IoT isn’t really worthy of the ‘Internet’ moniker. Greater standardisation is implicit in evolving from what we’ve previously termed machine-to-machine (M2M) to a true Internet of Things.”

About the report

The report “Standards for the Internet of Things” provides detailed analysis of standards, old and new, that will shape the emerging Internet of Things. It considers the various relevant standards covering communications, connectivity, networking, service layers, data abstraction and discoverability. Many have been around for decades, while others are just starting to emerge. It also examines standards relevant to specific vertical markets such as automotive or connected buildings. It includes discussion of the various standards development organisations as well as providing views on issues such as the importance of IP, the relative merits of different wireless architectures, and the impact of TV White Space.

Standards and standardisation initiatives covered in the report include 6LowPAN, AllJoyn, BACnet, Bluetooth (including Bluetooth Low Energy), Cellular (including GSM/GPRS, W-CDMA, LTE), CoAP, Continua Health Alliance, DECT ULE, Eclipse Foundation, EnOcean, FI-WARE, GENIVI, HyperCat, LonWorks, M-Bus, MirrorLink, MQTT, OMA LightweightM2M, OneM2M, Open Interconnect Consortium (OIC), REST, Urban OS, Weightless, Wi-Fi, and Zigbee (and 802.15.4).

The report was compiled by William Webb, CEO of the Weightless SIG, the standards body developing a new global M2M technology. He is a Director at Webb Search, an independent consultancy, and President-Elect of the IET.

The report is available as part of the Machina Research Advisory Service.

FEATURED IoT STORIES

9 IoT applications that will change everything

Posted on: September 1, 2021

Whether you are a future-minded CEO, tech-driven CEO or IT leader, you’ve come across the term IoT before. It’s often used alongside superlatives regarding how it will revolutionize the way you work, play, and live. But is it just another buzzword, or is it the as-promised technological holy grail? The truth is that Internet of

Read more

Which IoT Platform 2021? IoT Now Enterprise Buyers’ Guide

Posted on: August 30, 2021

There are several different parts in a complete IoT solution, all of which must work together to get the result needed, write IoT Now Enterprise Buyers’ Guide – Which IoT Platform 2021? authors Robin Duke-Woolley, the CEO and Bill Ingle, a senior analyst, at Beecham Research. Figure 1 shows these parts and, although not all

Read more

CAT-M1 vs NB-IoT – examining the real differences

Posted on: June 21, 2021

As industry players look to provide the next generation of IoT connectivity, two different standards have emerged under release 13 of 3GPP – CAT-M1 and NB-IoT.

Read more

IoT and home automation: What does the future hold?

Posted on: June 10, 2020

Once a dream, iot home automation is slowly but steadily becoming a part of daily lives around the world. In fact, it is believed that the global market for smart home automation will reach $40 billion by 2020.

Read more
RECENT ARTICLES

Infineon’s AIRO cloud connectivity manager supports the AWS IoT expressLink

Posted on: December 2, 2021

Munich, Germany, and San Jose, California. 30 November 2021 – Infineon Technologies AG announced the company’s new AIROC IFW56810 Cloud Connectivity Manager (CCM) solution supports the AWS IoT ExpressLink standards and specifications. This combined offering makes it easier and faster for companies and end customers to connect products such as industrial sensors, home appliances, irrigation systems

Read more

CTERA selected to support US Department of Veterans Affairs file storage modernisation contract

Posted on: December 2, 2021

London, UK. 1st December 2021 – CTERA, a distributed cloud file storage provider, announced that Peraton, the mission capability integrator and transformative enterprise IT provider, has selected CTERA’s file platform to support a $497 million (€438.79 million) contract to provide infrastructure-as-a-managed service (laaMS) for US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) storage and computing infrastructure facilities across the US and

Read more