Data integration in the Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem

The potential of the Internet of things (IoT) technology is known to businesses, therefore ramping up their efforts to implement and expand their IoT networks. According to Gartner Data & Analytics Summit 2019 report, by 2024, 50% of enterprise application data will be sourced from IoT.

IoT is changing the way data is collected and processed. It promises business process improvements and delivers strategic outcomes across numerous industries by aggregating and integrating enormous volumes of data, says Yash Mehta, an IoT and big data science specialist

The caveat in unraveling the potential of IoT deals with Data Integration because the diversity of devices, communication networks, and protocols involved in data collection present critical challenges for data processing and analyses. In the IoT ecosystem, the Data integration step is crucial to collect and connect data from various IoT devices or operational systems to the required destination for immediate and contextual information. Thus, it is logical to say that IoT is all about data. The raw data generated by the devices have to be gathered and processed for analysis.

The ability of IoT technology to offer remote control and visibility over business processes, but with the increasing volume of data and diversity of data sources, the integration or collation of the data generated by the different sources becomes crucial to create a successful IoT ecosystem.

Data integration is necessary for businesses to make short or long-term decisions that drive the daily operations. The data collected from different business sources or through the network of sensory devices form a single body of information that can enable businesses to strategise with more certainty and effectiveness, proactively resolve problems, and perform predictive maintenance. For instance, a business can utilise the data from IoT sensors to perform predictive maintenance on equipment to improve or eliminate the most recurring cause of breakdowns. 

The increase in the number of complex data centre environments, where multiple systems or devices communicate and produce large volumes of data, make it harder for enterprises to keep track of all the data flowing in from different directions.

Additionally, data gathered from varied sources is received in different formats and sometimes found redundant pertaining to the importance and requirement of data cleaning and structuring. The maintenance of consistent results gathered from the IoT device also becomes a challenge when devices used in an IoT network are provided by different vendors. This leads to incompatibility and security issues.

Addressing the IoT data integration challenges

Businesses must proactively leverage right data integration strategy and practices to ensure that it helps in consequent steps such as making communication requirements, i.e., the modes of communication required between different devices and sections of the IoT network. To develop a successful data integration strategy, it is necessary to understand the scope of IoT projects, its implications, the expected challenges and opportunities, and potential solutions. 

Businesses can leverage IoT platforms that unify the network-wide operations on a single platform. There are numerous data integration platforms like K2View, Informatica, Hevo, etc., that offer solutions for large-scale IoT implementation. 

The data integration platforms

K2View Data Integration is a platform that manages data from disparate sources in any technology or format and models the data fields for business entities (e.g., customer, location, device, product). The Data Product Platform offers businesses a real-time, trusted, and holistic view of any business entity. Customer Data Hub provides meaningful customer insights available across all sources to help enterprises to deliver a consistent, personalised, and delightful experience across the customer journey.

Yash Mehta

Informatica offers a simple cloud data integration platform that integrates data on-premises or across multiple clouds and processes the data within the enterprise cloud ecosystem. The Intelligent Data Management Cloud is an AI-powered data platform dedicated to managing the complexity of different types of data formats and handling workload across any location.

Hevo provides pre-built integrations for real-time customer data with popular data sources and warehouses. The platform collects data from any source and further analyses data across various data formats to sync it with the desired data warehouse to any business application.

Businesses also leverage Application Programming Interfaces (API) for IoT communication between software-driven devices in an IoT network. It is an effective solution to enable device-to-device communication and overall network and data integration. The use of API helps in mitigating any discrepancies in the data quality as it transitions from endpoints or sources to the data centres. Thus, APIs can function as the primary tool for data integration in an IoT network.

Conclusion

The velocity at which data is being collected and processed from various sources or devices is increasing, businesses need to sync the different software platforms for total system integration. Thus, leveraging the IoT data integration platform helps to standardise how data is identified, analysed, represented, and integrated structured and unstructured data. The various platforms ensure that the highest level of security and integrity is maintained at scale. Thus, the use of such IoT data integration platforms eliminates the cost and complexity of managing different document types, data formats, protocols, or creating and syndicating integrations for system-to-system and application-to-application scenarios.

The author is Yash Mehta, an IoT and big data science specialist.

Comment on this article below or via Twitter: @IoTNow_OR @jcIoTnow

RECENT ARTICLES

Axiomtek launches compact DIN-rail IIOT gateway for data driven energy

Posted on: November 30, 2022

Axiomtek, a world-renowned specialist relentlessly devoted in the research, development, and manufacture of series of innovative and reliable industrial computer products of high efficiency is pleased to announce the ICO120-E3350, an extremely compact industrial IoT gateway powered by the Intel Celeron processor N3350 (codename: Apollo Lake-M). The ruggedised designs feature fanless operation, -40°C to 70°C

Read more

Semtech, AWS to create low-power IoT track and trace services with LoRa cloud geolocation

Posted on: November 30, 2022

Please replace the release with the following corrected version due to multiple revisions to the Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements.

Read more
FEATURED IoT STORIES

The IoT Adoption Boom – Everything You Need to Know

Posted on: September 28, 2022

In an age when we seem to go through technology boom after technology boom, it’s hard to imagine one sticking out. However, IoT adoption, or the Internet of Things adoption, is leading the charge to dominate the next decade’s discussion around business IT. Below, we’ll discuss the current boom, what’s driving it, where it’s going,

Read more

9 IoT applications that will change everything

Posted on: September 1, 2021

Whether you are a future-minded CEO, tech-driven CEO or IT leader, you’ve come across the term IoT before. It’s often used alongside superlatives regarding how it will revolutionize the way you work, play, and live. But is it just another buzzword, or is it the as-promised technological holy grail? The truth is that Internet of

Read more

Which IoT Platform 2021? IoT Now Enterprise Buyers’ Guide

Posted on: August 30, 2021

There are several different parts in a complete IoT solution, all of which must work together to get the result needed, write IoT Now Enterprise Buyers’ Guide – Which IoT Platform 2021? authors Robin Duke-Woolley, the CEO and Bill Ingle, a senior analyst, at Beecham Research. Figure 1 shows these parts and, although not all

Read more

CAT-M1 vs NB-IoT – examining the real differences

Posted on: June 21, 2021

As industry players look to provide the next generation of IoT connectivity, two different standards have emerged under release 13 of 3GPP – CAT-M1 and NB-IoT.

Read more

IoT and home automation: What does the future hold?

Posted on: June 10, 2020

Once a dream, home automation using iot is slowly but steadily becoming a part of daily lives around the world. In fact, it is believed that the global market for smart home automation will reach $40 billion by 2020.

Read more

5 challenges still facing the Internet of Things

Posted on: June 3, 2020

The Internet of Things (IoT) has quickly become a huge part of how people live, communicate and do business. All around the world, web-enabled devices are turning our world into a more switched-on place to live.

Read more

What is IoT?

Posted on: July 7, 2019

What is IoT Data as a new oil IoT connectivity What is IoT video So what’s IoT? The phrase ‘Internet of Things’ (IoT) is officially everywhere. It constantly shows up in my Google news feed, the weekend tech supplements are waxing lyrical about it and the volume of marketing emails I receive advertising ‘smart, connected

Read more