Emerging platforms for better-integrated M2M deployments

Anatoli Levine, director of Product Management for
Developer Tools Business Unit (DTBU) at Spirent

To illustrate the work already being done, Part 2 of this IoT standards article lists five groups that are working to make it easier for M2M applications and devices from different vendors to discover and communicate over diverse networks.

As Anatoli Levine of Spirent Communications says, each has different emphases in its approach depending on, for example, which layer of the M2M system it is focused on, which vertical domain is its primary concern or whether it is from the outset adopting an explicitly cross-domain approach.

Thread Group

Thread Group was founded in July 2014, following Google’s acquisition of smart thermostat and smoke alarm manufacturer Nest. Its founding members include ARM, Big Ass Fans, Freescale Semiconductor, Google’s Nest Labs, Samsung Electronics, Silicon Laboratories and Yale Security. It has set itself up as a certification body.

Thread is a wireless, lower-power mesh networking technology being developed by Thread Group. It aims to help household devices, such as appliances, lights, thermostats and access controls, to discover and communicate with each other while remaining secure.

Rather than being a service layer platform, Thread is designed to improve interoperability in the network/transport layers. it is based on existing protocols, in particular 6LoWPAN running over 802.15.4.

AllSeen Alliance

The AllSeen Alliance was founded in December 2013. Key member companies included Canon, Electrolux, Haier, LG, Microsoft, Panasonic, Qeo, Qualcomm, Sharp, Silicon Image, Sony and TP-Link.

The Alliance is responsible for developing the AllJoyn service layer platform to enable applications, devices and services from different vendors to discover and communicate with each other over a wide range of different underlying fixed and wireless networks and operating systems. AllJoyn was initially developed by Qualcomm and is currently being developed under the aegis of the Linux foundation as open source software. It is not currently published as a standard.

The majority of the commercial products using AllJoyn have centered on the smart home. These include TVs, audio equipment, domestic networking hardware, and home control and automation devices, as well as associated mobile applications. However, the AllSeen Alliance aims for AllJoyn to be compatible with a range of vertical sectors including automotive, education, enterprise and healthcare.

Open Connectivity Foundation (OCF)

OCF was created in early 2016 as an evolution from the consortium previously known as OIC (Open Interconnect Consortium). OCF Diamond Members include Arris, CableLabs, Cisco, Electrolux, GE Digital, Intel, Microsoft, Qualcomm and Samsung. OCF also absorbed assets of uPnP Forum.

The OCF is creating a specification for a service layer platform that will allow device discovery and connectivity across devices from different vendors and across multiple operating systems. In addition, it is developing an open-source reference implementation (the IoTivity project) and, like the Thread Group, a certification program. As of June 2015 its IoTivity codebase was at a pre-release stage of development.

The OCF’s initial work has focused on the smart home environment but is expanding the specification to include a set of vertical market use case profiles.

Industrial Internet Consortium (IIC)

The IIC – founded in early 2014 by AT&T, Cisco, GE, IBM and Intel – is working to speed the growth of the “Industrial Internet” combining M2M connectivity, big data and machine learning.

It is focused on developing use cases and application test beds, as well as working to improve the available frameworks and standards for device, application and network interoperability in the industrial sector. The IIC is working in partnership with the OIC to develop reference architectures within the OIC’s specification that are suitable for the Industrial Internet. It is not seeking to develop its own standard.


oneM2M was launched in 2012 by seven international SDOs – ARIB, TTC, ATIS, TIA, CCSA, ETSI and TTA. Its membership now includes over 200 companies.

oneM2M is an M2M service layer standard based on a RESTful architecture – i.e. it is designed for applications running over networked environments. It uses existing protocols such as CoAP, MQTT and HTTP – as well as device management protocols including LWM2M and TR-069 – in order to support a wide variety of M2M deployment scenarios.

oneM2M’s approach is distinctive in that it is has from the outset built interoperability across vertical domains into its specification by addressing a wide range of use cases, including:

  • energy sector measurement and control systems smart buildings
  • healthcare gateway
  • remote patient care and monitoring
  • street light automation
  • smart parking
  • home energy management
  • remote vehicular maintenance

It has also provided for interoperability, both with existing M2M standards and with other M2M frameworks such as AllJoyn and OCF. It aims to support common service functionality across verticals and data sets to enable connectivity across many different kinds of M2M implementations.


The M2M market is at a critical growth point. It is shifting away from proprietary stove-pipe solutions, towards a standards-based ecosystem that enables communication between applications, devices and networks irrespective of vendor or vertical sector use case. This will encourage a significant increase in the M2M market, as it facilitates innovative applications that deliver ever-greater greater business value. It should also encourage more firms to deploy M2M solutions – with the confidence that they are not locked in to one vendor’s roadmap.

It is too early to predict which platforms will succeed, as this depends on which consortium wins the greatest support within the M2M developer community. But all M2M developers are strongly advised to follow the work of these consortia in order to ensure not only that their products can take best advantage of this rapidly growing market, but also to encourage tomorrow’s more open and fertile IoT environment.

The author of this blog is Anatoli Levine, director of Product Management for Developer Tools Business Unit (DTBU) at Spirent Communications

About the Author:

The author is Anatoli Levine, director of Product Management for Developer Tools Business Unit (DTBU) at Spirent Communications. He is responsible for developing strategy and product roadmap for the new M2M and IoT segment for enabling products for developers. Anatoli is also responsible for the portfolio of enabling technology products (WebRTC, VoLTE/RCS, SIP, IMS and many others) for developers of Unified Communications solutions.

Since 2006, Anatoli has been the president of International Multimedia Telecommunications Consortium (IMTC) – an organisation facilitating interoperable implementations of multimedia communication technologies based on the open standards.

Comment on this article below or via Twitter: @IoTNow_ OR @jcIoTnow


SpotLite360 IOT Solutions expands contract with KORcannabis

Posted on: November 28, 2022

SpotLite360 IOT Solutions an emerging supply chain technology solutions company, announces a contract to provide design services, equipment and technology for KORcannabis, a large indoor cannabis cultivation and environmental control operation.

Read more

DHLink, SHOPLINE Logistics partner to develop cross-border logistics globally

Posted on: November 28, 2022

Beijing, China – DHLink, the smart logistics arm of DHGATE Group, officially announced its cooperation with SHOPLINE Logistics, an independent logistics advisors of JOYY Group. By fully leveraging the advantages of direct mail channels, warehousing, and freight transportation on both sides, the collaboration will simplify the logistics process, eliminate connection problems, and enhance transport efficiency. The shortcomings

Read more

The IoT Adoption Boom – Everything You Need to Know

Posted on: September 28, 2022

In an age when we seem to go through technology boom after technology boom, it’s hard to imagine one sticking out. However, IoT adoption, or the Internet of Things adoption, is leading the charge to dominate the next decade’s discussion around business IT. Below, we’ll discuss the current boom, what’s driving it, where it’s going,

Read more

9 IoT applications that will change everything

Posted on: September 1, 2021

Whether you are a future-minded CEO, tech-driven CEO or IT leader, you’ve come across the term IoT before. It’s often used alongside superlatives regarding how it will revolutionize the way you work, play, and live. But is it just another buzzword, or is it the as-promised technological holy grail? The truth is that Internet of

Read more

Which IoT Platform 2021? IoT Now Enterprise Buyers’ Guide

Posted on: August 30, 2021

There are several different parts in a complete IoT solution, all of which must work together to get the result needed, write IoT Now Enterprise Buyers’ Guide – Which IoT Platform 2021? authors Robin Duke-Woolley, the CEO and Bill Ingle, a senior analyst, at Beecham Research. Figure 1 shows these parts and, although not all

Read more

CAT-M1 vs NB-IoT – examining the real differences

Posted on: June 21, 2021

As industry players look to provide the next generation of IoT connectivity, two different standards have emerged under release 13 of 3GPP – CAT-M1 and NB-IoT.

Read more

IoT and home automation: What does the future hold?

Posted on: June 10, 2020

Once a dream, home automation using iot is slowly but steadily becoming a part of daily lives around the world. In fact, it is believed that the global market for smart home automation will reach $40 billion by 2020.

Read more

5 challenges still facing the Internet of Things

Posted on: June 3, 2020

The Internet of Things (IoT) has quickly become a huge part of how people live, communicate and do business. All around the world, web-enabled devices are turning our world into a more switched-on place to live.

Read more

What is IoT?

Posted on: July 7, 2019

What is IoT Data as a new oil IoT connectivity What is IoT video So what’s IoT? The phrase ‘Internet of Things’ (IoT) is officially everywhere. It constantly shows up in my Google news feed, the weekend tech supplements are waxing lyrical about it and the volume of marketing emails I receive advertising ‘smart, connected

Read more