Geospatial technology will be at the heart of the IoT Big Data analysis

Richard Stevenson of Esri UK

In an ever more connected world, Esri a global provider of geo-spatial and analytical software is about to embark on a new journey to help organisations understand and analyse vast amounts of Internet of Things (IoT) big data through location intelligence.

As we know, the digital transformation of people’s lives from recent events has become a relentless force, says Richard Stevensontelco lead at Esri UK. Network connectivity is both extending its geographic reach and multiplying as 5G and FTTP networks become available in an increasing number of places. The computational power of devices continues to increase, cloud computing has become more cost effective and IoT devices themselves get smaller and smaller.

Advances in sensor technology are turning everyday objects into sources of data. The combination of these trends has led us to a new place. It is now possible for a network of physical objects (vehicles, buildings, infrastructure, equipment of all shapes and types) to collect and exchange data and to work together. This enables devices, sensors and systems to operate autonomously in pursuit of goals and objectives set by the human architects of the system.

Participating in the data market

Every data stream created in the IoT will be of value to a particular audience or audiences. For example, data captured from a smart chip on vehicles travelling along a motorway could be used to create a range of anonymised datasets; for example, traffic volumes by time of day, origin/destination routes or shopping centre catchments.

These can be packaged and priced to meet the needs of specific audiences. But the data becomes more valuable if combined with other datasets such as weather feeds or foot traffic in retail centres, enabling, say, a retailer to forecast customer demand.

IoT data consortiums

We predict the emergence of IoT data consortiums offering multiple data services using mix ’n’ match aggregated data feeds. This business model is widely used at present to provide syndicated services such as online entertainment listings linked to ticket sales.

It will enable non-competing IoT service vendors to leverage the value of their data and to spread the cost of collating data sets over a large number of consumers. A core source of value add for these organisations will be their ability to complement straightforward IT processing expertise with a platform that supports the geographical and time-based analysis of data as well as providing regulatory, legal and consumer advice alongside real-time pricing and billing services.

How location intelligence transforms raw data into actionable intelligence

Knowing where something is located is a critical piece of contextual information that is integral to the successful function of the IoT. Take the example of road safety systems in a connected car. When the car senses slippery conditions its road traction systems respond within a fraction of a second to keep it on the road. It does that automatically, without needing to know where it is. However, that knowledge about a slippery road is immensely valuable to other road users if they too are likely to come across the adverse conditions.

Location data can be used in three main ways:

  • Descriptive analytics – ‘What happened?’

Data mining and analysis gives us insight into past history. By transmitting the location of the hazard, the car can warn other cars in that area of the risk.

  • Predictive analytics – ‘What will happen?’

Use of modelling techniques to forecast the future. By collecting historical data from millions of vehicles over time and relating to weather data by location, the system can predict where and when slippery conditions will occur and can warn cars before the risk is even encountered.

  • Prescriptive analytics – ‘What should be done?’

Scenario modelling and simulation to evaluate the impact of remedies. By modelling the impact of alternative solutions on the locations of interest we can rank alternative solutions based on success criteria and choose the option that minimises or eradicates the hazard.

Geo-analytics within the system

Geo-analytics enables us to answer questions which have in the past been difficult to answer, either because of a lack of data or because of a lack of computational power.

Questions like:

• What is happening in this area?

• What other things are close by?

• In what other places is a similar situation present?

• Where have we seen this before?

• Where might we see this in the future?

Traditional Geographic Information Systems (GIS) use maps to present geographic information in a way humans can understand. Geographic information is central to the IoT, but the map’s primary role is to help people when visualising the data. Within the system, sophisticated spatial queries and geo-processing algorithms built in to IoT platforms can connect data that was previously unconnected. This gives geospatial information a central role in the IoT data market described above.

For real-time data feeds to deliver value they must be based on a consistent geographic base and be time synchronised in order to feed predictive analytics tools. Presenting the information on a map makes it easy for people to use and to identify visual patterns which allow decision makers to increase sales or to control costs more effectively. The ability to handle large scale data sets in the Cloud, to present data geographically and to provide the tools for analysis are all ways in which value can be added to raw data.

Esri is talking this a step further and has this month launched ArcGIS Velocity, a new real-time and big data capability for Esri’s geospatial cloud. It enables users to ingest, visualise, analyse, store, and act upon observation data from sensors and Internet of Things devices. 

Connect virtually any type of streaming data

ArcGIS Velocity offers both real-time and big data analysis, with tools for geofencing, incident detection, and trend assessment. Real-time event data can be filtered, processed, and sent to multiple destinations, allowing you to connect virtually any type of streaming data and automatically alert personnel when specified conditions occur. 

Users can also design analytic models to process high-volume historical data and gain insights into patterns, trends, and anomalies. 

Key capabilities include:

  • Connect: Connect to real-time, streaming IoT data from multiple feeds and visualise directly in maps.
  • Analyse: Speed up your analysis and gain answers faster when you set up analytical models in the cloud.
  • Alert and actuate: Act on this geo-spatial analysis by sharing the results and alert stakeholders when it matters.

This will transform organisations to truly understand, in real time, spatial events as they unfold and offer descriptive predictive & prescriptive analytics to inform operations, as well as enhanced business intelligence.

The author is Richard Stevenson, telco lead, Esri UK.

For more information, Click here .

Comment on this article below or via Twitter: @IoTNow_OR @jcIoTnow

RECENT ARTICLES

Siemens closes Brightly acquisition, elevating software offering for building operations

Posted on: August 5, 2022

Siemens Smart Infrastructure (SI) has completed the acquisition of Brightly Software, a U.S.-based software-as-a-service (SaaS) provider of asset and maintenance management solutions. The acquisition elevates SI to a position in the software market for buildings and built infrastructure. It adds Brightly’s well-established cloud-based capabilities across key sectors – education, public infrastructure, healthcare, and manufacturing –

Read more

Visteon technology enriches the quality of automotive display graphics

Posted on: August 5, 2022

Van Buren Charter Township, United States. 03 August, 2022 – Visteon Corporation, a global technology company serving the mobility industry, has developed an integrated system that dynamically improves the vehicle display contrast ratio. The company’s solution uses proprietary advanced algorithms to control the full array local dimming display. A matrixed array of LEDs behind the

Read more
FEATURED IoT STORIES

9 IoT applications that will change everything

Posted on: September 1, 2021

Whether you are a future-minded CEO, tech-driven CEO or IT leader, you’ve come across the term IoT before. It’s often used alongside superlatives regarding how it will revolutionize the way you work, play, and live. But is it just another buzzword, or is it the as-promised technological holy grail? The truth is that Internet of

Read more

Which IoT Platform 2021? IoT Now Enterprise Buyers’ Guide

Posted on: August 30, 2021

There are several different parts in a complete IoT solution, all of which must work together to get the result needed, write IoT Now Enterprise Buyers’ Guide – Which IoT Platform 2021? authors Robin Duke-Woolley, the CEO and Bill Ingle, a senior analyst, at Beecham Research. Figure 1 shows these parts and, although not all

Read more

CAT-M1 vs NB-IoT – examining the real differences

Posted on: June 21, 2021

As industry players look to provide the next generation of IoT connectivity, two different standards have emerged under release 13 of 3GPP – CAT-M1 and NB-IoT.

Read more

IoT and home automation: What does the future hold?

Posted on: June 10, 2020

Once a dream, home automation using iot is slowly but steadily becoming a part of daily lives around the world. In fact, it is believed that the global market for smart home automation will reach $40 billion by 2020.

Read more

5 challenges still facing the Internet of Things

Posted on: June 3, 2020

The Internet of Things (IoT) has quickly become a huge part of how people live, communicate and do business. All around the world, web-enabled devices are turning our world into a more switched-on place to live.

Read more

What is IoT?

Posted on: July 7, 2019

What is IoT Data as a new oil IoT connectivity What is IoT video So what’s IoT? The phrase ‘Internet of Things’ (IoT) is officially everywhere. It constantly shows up in my Google news feed, the weekend tech supplements are waxing lyrical about it and the volume of marketing emails I receive advertising ‘smart, connected

Read more
IoT Newsletter

Join the IoT Now online community for FREE, to receive: Exclusive offers for entry to all the IoT events that matter, round the world

Free access to a huge selection of the latest IoT analyst reports and industry whitepapers

The latest IoT news, as it breaks, to your inbox